| Doubling Of Farmers Income |

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The ambitious organic farming project envisaged by Patanjali Organic Research Institute (PORI) supported by NSDC (National Skill Development Corporation) under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) in association with ASCI (Agriculture Skill Council of India) is undertaking skill training for “Organic Grower” and “Group Farming Practitioner” in Mission Mode as “Patanjali Farmer Samridhi Programme (PFSP)”. Organic farming helps in doubling of farmers income through an integrated approach under which Farm Labs are being established in the farms of selected Trainer Farmers in which main crop with vertical crops model and increase in crop intensity for sustainable agricultural practices across various agro-climatic zones of the country are being imparted in particular and skill development in general.

KEY STAKEHOLDERS

National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC):NSDC is a public-private partnership that supports the skills development ecosystem in India and funds effective private sector skills training initiatives. NSDC is nodal agency for implementing Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), which is flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that is helping them in securing a better livelihood.

Agriculture Skill Council of India (ASCI): Agriculture Skill Council of India (ASCI), established as Section 8 Company under the Companies Act, Ministry of Corporate Affairs, works towards building capacity by bridging gaps and upgrading skills of farmers, farm & wage workers, self employed and extension workers engaged in organized/unorganized segments of Agriculture and Allied Sectors like Dairy, Poultry & Fishery. ASCI works with all three key Departments of Ministry of Agriculture i.e.: Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, and ICAR.

Patanjali Organic Research Institute (PORI): PORI has specialized in biological products for agriculture applications. Through R&D the institute has developed many products for agriculture requirements from soil management to disease and pest management, plant nutrient & health management. The institute has also developed techniques for organic farming through biotechnological applications. Patanjali products help farmers to control diseases, pests, improve plant health and increase crop yields, while reducing the chemical pesticide residue in foods, and fighting the development of pest resistance.

MANDATE OF DOUBLING OF FARMERS INCOME

Patanjali Farmer Samridhi Programme is working in Mission Mode for SKILL DEVELOPMENT on organic farming, which conducts training to the farmers on organic farming and also provides support with low cost inputs like bio-fertilizers & bio-pesticides, technical assistance from a team of eminent agricultural scientists of PORI, facilitating in certification and buy back by Patanjali provided the desired quality is maintained as well as facilitate the sale through E-NAM and other sources resulting in increasing the efficiencies in marketing. The intervention is helping farmers to increase their income through:

a) Reduction in cultivation cost: High cost chemical Fertilizers are being replaced with Organic fertilizer and compost (cost is less compared to chemical fertilizers), integrated pest and weed management supported by use of bio-pesticides. This is helping in saving of expenditure on chemical pesticides and also helps in improvement of soil health and fertility.

b) Value added organic farm produce: Better price realizes due to chemical free quality farm produce and additional income from vertical crops. Patanjali also promotes organic bio-fortified crop varieties available with ICAR Institutes and SAUs which adds value to the produce, address malnutrition and hidden hunger in rural areas. Buyback arrangement with Patanjali also helps farmers to get higher price at their farm gate, thus reducing middleman and transportation hassles.

c) Group Farming: Group farming helps in organising farmers as SHG/Cooperatives/FPO etc, which gives strength to their negotiating power, reduces the cost of inputs, avail group based subsidies provided by government for establishing custom hiring services for cooperatives, aggregate the produce for collective marketing as per the demand and supply.

SKILL DEVELOPMENT

Under the programme on-farm training to a group of 20-30 farmers in each Farm Lab established across the country covering approximately 2000 farm-labs involved in “Organic Farming” and “Group Farming Practitioner” activity.

a) “Organic Grower” (AGR/Q1201) – 120 Hours. After completing this course, participants are able to : Produce Organic Crops systematically through scientific selection of crops, adoption of appropriate cropping pattern, Crop cultivation under organic farming, Maintain the quality of the produce (as prescribed in standards), Quality assurance & Certification. Participants are getting Organic Grower Certificate from NSDC/ASCI after successful completion of the course.

b) “Group Farming Practitioner“(AGR/Q7806) – 52 hours. After completing this course, participants are able to : Facilitate participatory management, formation of Farmer’s Interest Group (CIG), Farmers Producer Organisation, record keeping, crop planning, financial management, post-harvest management, grading, storage, packaging, aggregation of produce. Coordinate & negotiate with input / service providers and buyers. Undertake farm waste management, maintain health & safety.

PROCESS TO BE ADOPTED

Patanjali identified 24 Master Trainers who underwent training and certification from ASCI. The Master Trainers identified Trainer Farmers who were trained to conduct the capacity building of organic grower and group farming practitioner farmers. The training of the Trainer farmers was conducted by Patanjali as per the norms and the assessment of the trainers was done as per the norms of ASCI. The Trainer farmer established the Farm Labs and conducted the trials under the guidance of Scientists from Patanjali. The Trainer Farmer was responsible to identify and train farmers in the job role of Organic Farmer and Group Farming Practitioner following a five stage framework.

STEP 1: Mobilization:> The mobilization of eligible farmers for the identified job role was done as per the norms to select potential candidates.

STEP 2: Pre-Screening and Counseling: The pre-screening and counseling of the candidates was done and self assessment and supporting documentation carried out.

STEP 3: Orientation and Training: The orientation and training covered the domain training, soft skills & entrepreneurship tips and familiarization of assessment process and terms. The job role on Organic Farmer comprised of 120 hour course (12 hours RPL and 108 hours of bridge course). After six months the same candidates underwent the job role on Group Farming Practitioner for 52 hours (12 hours RPL and 40 hours bridge course).

STEP 4: Final Assessment: The assessment of the Organic Farmer and Group Farming Practitioner was conducted by independent Assessment Agency.

STEP 5: Certification and Payout: ASCI validated and approved the results and the successful candidates were provided with certificate, mark-sheet and payouts as per norms.